Zirconium oxide nanoparticles (ZrO2) are available in the form of nanodots, nanofluids and nanocrystals having a white surface area. They are often doped with yttrium oxide, calcia or magnesia. Zirconium is a Block D, Period 5 element and oxygen is a Block P, Period 2 element. Zirconium oxide is also known as zirconia, zirconium, zircosol and zirconic anhydride.
The applications of zirconium oxide nanoparticles are given below:
in ceramics for making ceramic pigments, porce lain glaze, etc.
In making artificial jewellery.
In making abrasive, insulating and fire-retarding materials.
The powder exhibits pyrooptical properties, hence used for optical storage, light shutters and stereo television glasses.